A late evening view of the landscape at Buck Hill, with a rock in the near distance



Charnwood Forest is home to some of the most important fossil discoveries ever made, but not all research here is geological…

A small specimen of colourful green and blue minerals from Charnwood Forest. (c) OUMNH

Always Open To Research

The Geopark welcomes new research collaborations, and any researcher interested in working on or in Charnwood Forest is encouraged to reach out to us. The Geopark is happy to advise on issues around conservation and fieldwork, as well as field research locality recommendations, and access issues. We are also keen to celebrate research outcomes, so researchers are encouraged to share news of papers, reports, and student project completions so these can be promoted by the Geopark.

charnwood forest

Scientific Publications

Yardley, B. W., Milodowski, A. E., Field, L. P., Wogelius, R. A., Metcalfe, R., & Norris, S. (2023). Groundwater–rock interactions in crystalline rocks: evidence from SIMS oxygen isotope data. Mineralogical Magazine87(4), 519-527.

Pharaoh, T. C., Beamish, D., Williams, J. D. O., Carney, J. N., & Wilby, P. R. (2023). The Charnwood Terrane revisited: an integrated petrogenetic and petrophysical model for crustal structure in southern Britain. Journal of the Geological Society180(6), jgs2023-001.

Dunn, F. S., Kenchington, C. G., Parry, L. A., Clark, J. W., Kendall, R. S., & Wilby, P. R. (2022). A crown-group cnidarian from the Ediacaran of Charnwood Forest, UK. Nature Ecology & Evolution6(8), 1095-1104.

Pérez-Pinedo, D., McKean, C., Taylor, R., Nicholls, R., & McIlroy, D. (2022). Charniodiscus and Arborea are separate genera within the Arboreomorpha: using the holotype of C. concentricus to resolve a taphonomic/taxonomic tangle. Frontiers in Earth Science9, 785929.

Dunn, F. S., Liu, A. G., Grazhdankin, D. V., Vixseboxse, P., Flannery-Sutherland, J., Green, E., … & Donoghue, P. C. (2021). The developmental biology of Charnia and the eumetazoan affinity of the Ediacaran rangeomorphs. Science advances7(30), eabe0291.

Mitchell, E. G., Harris, S., Kenchington, C. G., Vixseboxse, P., Roberts, L., Clark, C., … & Wilby, P. R. (2019). The importance of neutral over niche processes in structuring Ediacaran early animal communities. Ecology letters22(12), 2028-2038.

Dunn, F. S., Wilby, P. R., Kenchington, C. G., Grazhdankin, D. V., Donoghue, P. C., & Liu, A. G. (2019). Anatomy of the Ediacaran rangeomorph Charnia masoni. Papers in Palaeontology5(1), 157-176.

Kenchington, C. G., Harris, S. J., Vixseboxse, P. B., Pickup, C., & Wilby, P. R. (2018). The Ediacaran fossils of Charnwood Forest: shining new light on a major biological revolution. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association129(3), 264-277.

Mason, R., & Liu, R. (2018). The Origin of Spots in Contact Aureoles and Over-Heating of Country Rock Next to a Dyke. Journal of Earth Science29, 1005-1009.

Bennion, H., Davidson, T. A., Sayer, C. D., Simpson, G. L., Rose, N. L., & Sadler, J. P. (2015). Harnessing the potential of the multi‐indicator palaeoecological approach: an assessment of the nature and causes of ecological change in a eutrophic shallow lake. Freshwater Biology60(7), 1423-1442.

Bowers, A. (2014). Further Precambrian (Ediacaran) fossil discoveries in Charwood Forest, Leicestershire. Mercian Geologist18, 175-179.

Bowers, A. (2013). Precambrian fossil discoveries and new fossil localities in Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire. Mercian Geologist18, 91-98.

Scotney, P. M., Carney, J. N., & Harwood, M. (2012). New information on Neoproterozoic-Cambrian geology and the Triassic unconformity around Groby, southern Charnwood Forest, UK. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society59(1), 37-51.

Howe, M. P., Evans, M., Carney, J. N., & Wilby, P. R. (2012). New perspectives on the globally important Ediacaran fossil discoveries in Charnwood Forest, UK: prequel to. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society59(2), 137-144.

Bennion, H., Simpson, G. L., John Anderson, N., Clarke, G., Dong, X., Hobæk, A., … & Tolotti, M. (2011). Defining ecological and chemical reference conditions and restoration targets for nine European lakes. Journal of Paleolimnology45, 415-431.

Carney, J. N., Alexandre, P., Pringle, M. S., Pharaoh, T. C., Merriman, R. J., & Kemp, S. J. (2008). 40Ar–39Ar isotope constraints on the age of deformation in Charnwood Forest, UK. Geological Magazine145(5), 702-713.

McGrath, A. (2007). The rock quarries of Charnwood Forest. Mercian Geologist16(4), 241.

Quarry, O. C. H. (2005). Old Cliffe Hill and Whitwick quarries Charnwood Forest. Mercian Geologist16(2).

Hawthorne, F. C., Cooper, M. A., Grice, J. D., Roberts, A. C., & Hubbard, N. (2002). Description and crystal structure of bobkingite, Cu52+ Cl2 (OH) 8 (H2O) 2, a new mineral from New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton-under-Bardon, Leicestershire, UK. Mineralogical Magazine66(2), 301-311.

Edwards, P. (2001). Aristocrat and Regicide: The Life and Times of Thomas, Lord Grey of Groby, The Ermine Unicorn (1623-1657). The English Historical Review116(467), 724-724.

Greenwood, M. T., Bickerton, M. A., & Petts, G. E. (2001). Assessing adult Trichoptera communities of small streams: a case study from Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire, UK. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems11(2), 93-107.

Sayer, C. D. (2001). Problems with the application of diatom‐total phosphorus transfer functions: examples from a shallow English lake. Freshwater Biology46(6), 743-757.

Carney, J. (2000). Igneous processes within late Precambrian volcanic centres near Whitwick, northwestern Charnwood Forest. Mercian Geologist15(1), 7-28.

Sayer, C., Roberts, N., Sadler, J., David, C., & Wade, P. M. (1999). Biodiversity changes in a shallow lake ecosystem: a multi‐proxy palaeolimnological analysis. Journal of Biogeography26(1), 97-114.

Ford, T. D. (1999). Topics The Precambrian fossils of Charnwood Forest. Geology Today15(6), 230-234.

Boynton, H. E. (1999). New fossils in the Precambrian of Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire, England. Mercian Geologist14(4), 197-200.

David, C., Dearing, J., & Roberts, N. (1998). Land-use history and sediment flux in a lowland lake catchment: Groby Pool, Leicestershire, UK. The Holocene8(4), 383-394.

Boynton, H. E., & Ford, T. D. (1995). Ediacaran fossils from the Precambrian (Charnian Supergroup) of Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire, England. Mercian Geologist13(4), 165-182.

Glazier, J. N., Brown, D. S., Sands, L., & Warwick, P. (1993). An investigation of radon-222 concentrations in the Charnwood area, Leicestershire, England. Science of the total environment130, 161-165.

Ali, J. W., & Hill, I. A. (1991). Reflection seismics for shallow geological investigations: a case study from Central England. Journal of the Geological Society148(2), 219-222.

Maguire, P. K. H. (1987). CHARM II—A deep reflection profile within the central England microcraton. Journal of the Geological Society144(4), 661-670.

Moseley, J., & Ford, T. (1985). A stratigraphic revision of the late Precambrian rocks of Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire.

Maguire, P. K. H., Bermingham, P. M., & Francis, D. J. (1981). A relative P-wave delay study between Eskdalemuir and Charnwood Forest. Geophysical Journal International65(1), 229-235.

Whitcombe, D. N., & Maguire, P. K. H. (1981). A seismic refraction investigation of the Charnian basement and granitic intrusions flanking Charnwood Forest. Journal of the Geological Society138(6), 643-651.

Whitcombe, D. N., & Maguire, P. K. H. (1981). Seismic refraction evidence for a basement ridge between the Derbyshire Dome and the W of Charnwood Forest. Journal of the Geological Society138(6), 653-659.

Bridger, J. F. D. (1981). The glaciation of Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire and its geomorphological significance. The Quaternary in Britain. Oxford, Pergamon, 68-81.

Whitcombe, D. N., & Maguire, P. K. H. (1980). An analysis of the velocity structure of the Precambrian rocks of Charnwood Forest. Geophysical Journal International63(2), 405-416.

Ford, T. D. (1980). The Ediacaran fossils of Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association91(1), 81-83.

Boynton, H. E. (1978). Fossils from the Pre-Cambrian of Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire. Mercian Geologist6(4), 291-296.

Boynton, H. E., & TD, F. (1979). Pseudovendia charnwoodensis-a new Precambrian arthropod from Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire.

Cribb, S. J. (1975). Rubidium–strontium ages and strontium isotope ratios from the igneous rocks of Leicestershire. Journal of the Geological Society131(2), 203-212.

Cummins, W. A., & Potter, H. R. (1972). Rates of erosion in the catchment area of Cropston Reservoir, Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire. Mercian Geologist4(2), 149-157.

Kent, P. E. (1967). A contour map of the sub-Carboniferous surface in the north-east Midlands. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society36(2), 127-133.

Davies, D., & Matthews, D. H. (1966). Geophysical investigations on the boundaries of the Mountsorrel granite. Geological Magazine103(6), 534-547.

Aucott, J. W., & Clarke, R. H. (1966). Amino-acids in the Mountsorrel Bitumen, Leicestershire. Nature212(5057), 61-63.

Meneisy, M. Y., & Miller, J. A. (1963). A geochronological study of the crystalline rocks of Charnwood Forest, England. Geological Magazine100(6), 507-523.

Evans, A. M. (1963). Conical folding and oblique structures in Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society34(1), 67-80.

Ford, T. D. (1958). Pre-cambrian fossils from Charnwood Forest. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 31(3), 211-217.

Claringbull, G. F. (1952). Nacrite from Groby, Leicestershire. Mineralogical magazine and journal of the Mineralogical Society29(218), 973-973.

Ingold, C.T. (1942). Aquatic Hyphomycetes of Decaying Alder Leaves. Transactions of the British Mycological Society. 25 (4). 339-417.

Kent, P. E. (1937). The Melton Mowbray Anticline. Geological Magazine74(4), 154-160.

Bennett, F. W., Lowe, E. E., Gregory, H. H., & Jones, F. (1928). The Geology of Charnwood Forest. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association39(3), 241-IN6.

Richardson, W. A. (1921). The Marginal Features of a Basic Dyke at Peldar Tor, Charnwood Forest. Geological Magazine58(4), 170-177.

Bonney, T. G. (1915). III.—Notes on the North-Western Region of Charnwood Forest2. Geological Magazine2(12), 545-554.

Bosworth, T. O. (1912). The Keuper Marls around Charnwood. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society68(1-4), 281-294.

Bennett, F. W. (1906). THE FELSITIC AGGLOMERATE OF THE CHARNWOOD FOREST. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association19(7), 303-304.

Mackinder, H. J., & Chisholm, G. G. (1903). Charnwood Forest: A Buried Triassic Landscape: Discussion. The Geographical Journal21(6), 633-636.

Watts, W. W. (1903). Charnwood Forest: a buried Triassic landscape. The Geographical Journal21(6), 623-633.

Watts, W. W. (1896). III.—Notes on the Ancient Rocks of Charnwood Forest1. Geological Magazine3(11), 485-487.

Hull, E. (1895). The Geological Age of the Rocks of Charnwood Forest. Geological Magazine2(2), 92-93.

Callaway, C. (1895). Professor Hull and the Cambrian Age of the Charnwood Clastics. Geological Magazine2(3), 142-143.

Hill, E., & Bonney, T. G. (1891). On the North-west Region of Charnwood Forest, with other Notes. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society47(1-4), 78-100.

Berry, E. E., & Bonney, T. G. (1882). Analysis of five Rocks from the Charnwood-Forest District: Communicated, with Notes, by Prof. TG Bonney, MA, FRS, Sec. GS. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society38(1-4), 197-199.

Hill, E., & Bonney, T. G. (1880). The Precarboniferous Rocks of Charnwood Forest.—Part III. Conclusion. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society36(1-4), 337-350.

Allport, S. (1879). I.—On the Rocks of Brazil Wood, Charnwood Forest. Geological Magazine6(11), 481-485.

Hill, E., & Bonney, T. G. (1878). The Precarboniferous Rocks of Charnwood Forest.—Part II. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society34(1-4), 199-239.

Hill, E., & Bonney, T. G. (1877). The Precarboniferous Rocks of Charnwood Forest.—Part I. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society33(1-4), 754-789.

Plant, J. (1877). The Rocks of Charnwood Forest. Nature15(391), 548-548.

Bonney, T. G., & Hill, E. (1877). The Rocks of Charnwood Forest. Nature16(392), 8-8.

Bonney, T. G. (1876). The Age of the Rocks of Charnwood Forest. Nature15(370), 97-97.

Lucy, W. C. (1870). II.—Notes upon the Occurrence of the Post-Pliocene Drift of Charnwood Forest. Geological Magazine7(77), 497-499.

Plant, J. (1868). Baden Powell and Charnwood Forest. Geological Magazine5(46), 199-199.

Powell, B. (1868). II.—On the Igneous Rocks of Charnwood Forest and its Neighbourhood. Geological Magazine5(45), 111-120.

Maw, G. (1868). The Trias of Charnwood Forest. Geological Magazine5(46), 197-198.

Plant, J. (1865). Are the Sea-Rocks of Charnwood Forest Laurentian?. Geological Magazine2(11), 233-234.

Mackintosh, D. (1865). V. Notes on Charnwood forest. Geological Magazine2(17), 498-501.

Pettigrew, T. J. (1851). On a Roman Urn Found in Charnwood Forest. Journal of the British Archaeological Association7(1), 1-5.

Potter, T. R. (1842). The History and Antiquities of Charnwood Forest: With an Appendix on the Geology, Botany and Ornithology of the District. Hamilton, Adams.

Phillips, W. & S. L. Kent (1824). Observations on the Rocks of Mount Sorrel, of Charnwood forest, and of the Neighbourhood of Grooby, in Leicestershire. Annals of Philosophy

Farey, J. (1815). General View of the Agriculture and Minerals of Derbyshire: With Observations on the Means of Their Improvement. Drawn Up for the Consideration of the Board of Agrigulture [sic] and Internal Improvement.. (Vol. 2). B. McMillan.

Student Projects

Student Projects and Theses on Charnwood Forest

An investigation into the relationship between urbanisation and the species richness of vascular plants in Leicester, Leicestershire and Rutland (2022)
Siobhan Brocklehurst, Open University

The Development of the National Forest: The Transformative Agency of Trees in the English Midlands (2021)
Mark Adam Knight, University of Derby

The boundaries of medieval charnwood forest through the lens of the longue durée (2018)
Ann Stones, University of Leicester

Charnwood Forest and its Visitors (2015)
D. Robinson, University Leicester

Volcanology and Sedimentology of Charnia bearing rocks of Charnwood Forest (2011)
Ben Moorhouse, University of Leicester

The impact of enclosure in Leicestershire on the parson and his glebe land 1760-1830: Billesdon, Lutterworth and Rothley. (2010)
S, Stewart, University of Leicester

Naming in Anstey 1850-1950: A Mirror of Social Structure (2010)
M. Tedd, University of Leicester

Mapping bracken using aerial photography and satellite imagery in Beacon Hill Park and Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (UK). (2008)
A Alwan, University of Leicester

Early prehistoric petrology: a case study from leicestershire (2013)
Matthew John Parker, University of Bradford

Medieval Rothley, Leicestershire: Manor, Soke, and Parish (2006)
Vanessa McLoughlin, University of Leicestershire

Rural production in transition : three parishes around Coleorton Moor, north-west Leicestershire, c 1650-1850 (2005)
Ian D J Hunt, University of Leicester

The foundation of Mount St Bernard Abbey and its effect on the secular community. (2005)
J. Reed, University of Leicester

Charnwood Forest : population, landownership and environmental perception, c1775-1914 (2004)
Vernon Edward Lloyd Davis, University of Leicester

Whitwick: from woodland settlement to mining village, a change of character within eighty years, 1800-1880. (2004)
R. Southin, University of Leicester

The use of Swithland slate gravestones, and their engravers. (2000)
R. Merriman, University of Leicester

Swithland Slate Headstones in Leicestershire (1999)
S. Toon, University of Leicester

Population, poverty and partible inheritance: Rothley, 1660-1760: a century of economic and social change in a Leicestershire village. (1991)
C.M. Thomas, University of Leicester

Ecological studies on the Staphylinidae (Coleoptera) of the Charnwood Forest Area, Leicestershire (1980)
Irene Leow Kim Choo, University of Leicester

Seismic reflection, gravity and magnetic studies of the geology of the East Midlands (1980)
Adly H D el-Nikhely, University of Leicester

The geology of the Late Precambrian rocks of Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire (1979)
J B Moseley, University of Leicester

Seismic studies of the upper crust in central England (1979)
David Nathan Whitcombe, University of Leicester

Micronutrients and phytoplankton biomass in freshwater reservoirs (1977)
Michael H Baker, Nottingham Trent University

Geophysical investigations of the Carboniferous and pre-Carboniferous formations of the East Midlands of England (1974)
Sabah Ibrahim Maroof, University of Leicester

A contribution to the geomorphology of the East Midlands: the Quaternary evolution of Charnwood Forest, Leics. (1971)
J F D Bridger, University of Leicester

A tectonic study of the Charnwood-Nuneaton area with notes on the petrology of the igneous rocks. (1935)
F Jones, University of London

The relationship of the igneous rocks of the Mountsorrel district to each other and to the Charnwood Forest area. (1924)
E E Lowe, University of London

The Keuper Marls around Charnwood (1913)
T O Bosworth, University of London

A group of cyclists rides past a sign saying "Outwoods Woodland Walk"
A small wooden building surrounding by forest.

come visit us

a place for everyone

There’s a place for everyone in Charnwood Forest. Isn’t it time you visited Britain’s unexpected upland?

View the Map